Cardiology is a complex field, so many cardiologists specialize in different areas. All cardiologists are clinical cardiologists who focus on the diagnosis, medical management (use of medicines), and prevention of cardiovascular disease. Some clinical cardiologists specialize in pediatric cardiology, which means they diagnose and treat heart problems in children. When clinical cardiologists treat only adult patients, they specialize in adult cardiology.

Cardiologists receive extensive education, including four years of medical school and three years of training in general internal medicine. After this, a cardiologist spends three or more years in specialized training. That’s ten or more years of training!

Cardiology is concerned with the normal functionality of the heart and the deviation from a healthy heart. Many disorders involve the heart itself but some are outside of the heart.

Cardiologists are doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating diseases or conditions of the heart and blood vessels - the cardiovascular system. You might also visit a cardiologist so you can learn about your risk factors for heart disease and find out what measures you can take for better heart health.

Disorders of the coronary circulation:

Acute coronary syndrome (ACS)
Angina pectoris
Coronary heart disease
Myocardial infarction

Cardiac arrest:

Pulseless electrical activity (PEA)
Pulseless ventricular tachycardia
Sudden cardiac death
Ventricular fibrillation

Disorders of the myocardium:

    Cardiomyopathy is a deterioration of the myocardium.

    Ischemic cardiomyopathy
        Cardiomyopathy causing ischemia of the heart due to coronary artery disease.
    Nonischemic cardiomyopathy
        Cardiomyopathy not caused by ischemia of the heart.

Disorders of the pericardium:

Constrictive pericarditis
Pericardial effusion
Pericardial tamponade

Disorders of the heart valves

Congenital heart defect

Diseases of blood vessels

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